Categories: Programming

15 Fastest Programming Languages

One can’t imagine what programming would have looked and felt like if one had to memorize a series of 0’s and 1’s to code computer instructions.

Hence, the advent of what we know as programming languages, which are defined vocabulary for writing computer instruction.

With this in mind, you wouldn’t agree any less with the importance and significant possibilities of programming languages.

There are numerous programming languages, some more popular than others.

Although every language has peculiarities enabling it for different projects and functionality, you are faced with choosing a programming language over another, sometimes.

However, when choosing a programming language over another, a lot of factors are considered.

More so, such considered parameters could include; ease of programming, availability of frameworks, program readability, availability of libraries, and robustness.

Regardless, let’s examine the speed of execution in this article with these 15 Fast Programming Languages.

1. Java

In the court of public opinion, Java is considered the best and most common programming language. While more commonly used for android development and client-server applications, Java is preferred by many for its performance and speed. Additionally, the concept of a Write once, Read anywhere language is the real deal. Simply put, you can write your code once and use it on any Java platform.

Pros

  • It is very popular
  • It has a lot of extensions and platforms

Cons

  • It is relatively expensive
  • It is comparatively difficult to build and compile.

2. JavaScript

Recently, with growing trends and increasing the development of World Wide Web content, Javascript has found a sweet spot as an industry favorite. Even more, as a scripting language, Javascript works well with HTML and CSS in web development. It has also found use in non-web system programming.

Pros

  • It is viable for creating extended web functionality
  • It is client-side executable

Cons

  • It has variations in its rendering
  • It has a relatively weak security

3. Python

While Python is a dynamic high-level programming language, it was intended for general-purpose. It is invaluable for web and android development, with high readability.

Pros

  • Great automation
  • It has a lot of available libraries

Cons

  • It is comparatively slow

4. C++

Like Python, C++ is a general-purpose programming language. Though a mid-level language, it is also object-oriented. Additionally, C++ has a vast and valuable function library. 

Pros

  • It has an abstraction layer
  • It allows object-oriented programming

Cons

  • It is susceptible to the second system effect
  • It is relatively hard to maintain

5. CSS

Cascading Style Sheet preferably referred to as CSS is a style sheet language. Additionally, It finds use in the design of the flow of documentation written in a markdown language like HTML. However, CSS is used for creating visually interacting and engaging pages on websites.

Pros

  • Consistent
  • It has good speed for design
  • Supported by multiple browsers

Cons

  • It can get complicated with third-party programs

6. SQL

Unlike most on this list, Specific Query Language, more popularly called SQL is a declarative language with procedural elements. It is a special-purpose programming language, specific for writing and managing database management systems. However, codes written in SQL are not portable across different database systems.

Pros

  • It is fast for data search and query
  • Very scalable

Cons

  • It shows low partition tolerance
  • It has an inflexible data model

7. Ruby

Ruby is one of the interpreted programming languages designed for simplicity and to improve productivity. It is a general-purpose and high-level language, nonetheless. Although it uses garbage collection, it is equally dynamic.

Pros

It is excellent for coding web applications

Cons

  • It is not great for GUI
  • Relatively slow
  • Shows low scalability

8. PHP

Like Javascript, PHP is a popular scripting language commonly used for creating dynamic web pages. More so, these pages can be useful in the transfer and submission of information on the web.

Pros

  • Great for web application development
  • It is open source
  • It is easy

Cons

  • It has a poor design
  • It is quite slow

9. MatLab

Meanwhile, meet the only programming language on this list that uses mathematical notations to represent some of its objectives. Equally, built in a user-friendly environment, MatLab utilizes a juxtaposed integration of programming and computing. The programming language has gained more traction in recent times due to swelling attention in analysis and statistics.

Pros

  • Offers good support
  • It has great documentation

Cons

  • It has a few open-source codes
  • It is comparatively expensive
  • Can not integrate into web services

10. C#

While intended as a common language infrastructure programming language, C# is component and object-oriented.

Though, considered as a close rival of Java, it is preferred for developing applications on Windows.

Pros

  • Works with intermediate language
  • It supports Multithreading or multitasking

Cons

  • Allows pointers in blocks, which is unsafe
  • It is case sensitive

11. R Programming Language

R like MatLab is a programming language for statistics and analytics computing. However, it finds wide use in the engineering of statistical software for data mining. Additionally, it is has a free software environment under the GNU General Public License.

Pros

  • Useful in Statistics
  • It has great charting properties

Cons

  • Less secure
  • Imposes limits to memory allocation.

12. PERL

Similarly, PERL, originally Practical Extraction and Reporting Language, is a dynamic high-level programming language. Despite its usefulness as a scripting language, it is not intended for web development.

Pros

  • It has the Comprehensive PERL Archive Network (CPAN) repository
  • Very useful for text parsing
  • It is open source

Cons

  • Poor object orientation
  • Not scalable
  • It is difficult to handle bugs on PERL

13. Visual Basic

Though, a language originally designed for ease of use and learning. Like C#, Visual Basic is an object and component-oriented programming language, still. While it is implemented on the .NET framework and designed for developing type-safe object-oriented programs, it is also used mostly for writing Windows applications.

Pros

  • It is very easy to use
  • Very useful for GUI

Cons

  • It has memory constraints

14. Objective C

A step up on the C language with the addition of objects, hence its name. Nonetheless, objective C is a general-purpose programming language for object-oriented programming.

Pros

  • It is stable
  • Allows object-oriented programming

Cons

  • Not open source
  • Used only for IOS based platforms

15. Assembly Language

Evidently, after the time of the Machine Level Language was the Assembly Language. Though a low-level programming language, it addresses crucial performance concerns by direct hardware management.

Pros

  • Creates fast and small programs
  • Access to registers
  • It has an optimized compiler that renders high-level languages

Cons

  • Predisposed to bugs
  • Quite difficult to read
  • Does not allow abstraction

Conclusion

When coding a large program, it may become relevant to choose best-fit and compatible languages for the different components of the program.

Ultimately, In the real world of programming, speed is neither the most important nor the only factor to consider when choosing a programming language, anyway. Also considered are factors like ease of programming, availability of function libraries, code safety, scalability, memory use, and program robustness.

Managi Iwuoha

Published by
Managi Iwuoha

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