In this article, we would be looking at two very popular programming languages, c, and c++. What they are, where they are used, and finally, the Difference between c and c++. C programming language was developed by Dennis Ritchie in the year 1972 whereas C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in the year 1983.
In this article, Difference between c and c++ we will focus on the major aspects of both the programming languages so that we can come to the conclusion of the best because, in the end, you should choose the best.
Difference between c and c++
|1||In C, all the variables used in a block have to be declared in the beginning of the block only||In C++, a variable can be declared at the point of use, wherever required within the block.|
|2||C uses malloc(), calloc() and free() function for dynamic allocation of memory and freeing the memory allotted.||For this purpose, C++ uses two operators namely new and delete.|
|3||In C, programmer has to specify the type of variable in scanf() and printf() functions.||Format free input and output: the insertion and extraction operator do their tasks without programmer telling them specifically about types of the variables.|
|4||In C, prototypes of functions which return integer values were not compulsory.||They are compulsory in C++.|
|5||C is a structural or procedural programming language.||C++ is an object oriented programming language.|
|6||In C, symbolic constants are created using #define only.||In C++, we have two more alternatives.
a const qualifier
enhanced facility of enumeration.
|7||Enumeration facility has been improved in C++||Anonymous enum has been introduced.|
|8||C does not support function and operator overloading.||C++ supports both function and operator overloading.
|9||C has no support for virtual and friend functions.||C++ supports virtual and friend functions.
|10||C provides malloc() and calloc() functions for dynamic memory allocation, and free() for memory de-allocation.||C++ provides new operator for memory allocation and delete operator for memory de-allocation.
|11||C is a middle level language.||C++ is a high level language.
|12|| C is a subset of C++.||C++ is a superset of C.|
|13||C program file is saved with .C extension.||C++ program file is saved with .CPP extension.
|14||Emphasis is on procedure or steps to solve any problem.||Emphasis is on objects rather than procedure.
|15||C doesn’t support exception handling directly. Can be done by using some other functions.||C++ supports exception handling. Done by using try and catch block.
|16||C follows top down approach.||C++ follows bottom up approach|
These programming languages rich in features and bring Beginners Learning time to the minimum. Both of them have their own pros and cons. In the article above I have listed 16 Difference between c and c++. because in the end, you should choose the best. every programming is language is good to do something and probably bad at something, it totally depends on your preference.